Patients with toxic goiter sweat even in cold weather

Specialist in general surgery prof. Dr. Ali Kağan Gökakın reported on toxic goiter, i.e. Graves’ disease, which generally occurs in young patients between the ages of 20 and 40 and is 7 times more common in female patients than in male patients. Warning that the disease can directly affect various systems in the body, Prof. Dr. Gökakın said, “People with this disease can easily walk in thin T-shirts in cold weather.” In his words, he stated that the prominent symptoms of the disease include low tolerance to hot weather.

Specialist in general surgery prof. Dr. Ali Kağan Gökakın reported on toxic goiter, which is a serious disease that can directly affect many systems in the body. Explaining that the disease causes damage to the body’s immune system attacking the thyroid gland, Dr. Gökakın said that it usually affects the thyroid gland, causing an overproduction of thyroid hormone. He stated that this situation causes the thyroid gland to overwork and causes hyperthyroidism.

“It can have a number of systemic effects on the body.”

Touching on the potential risks and complications of Graves’ disease, which is an autoimmune disease, Prof. Dr. Ali Kağan Gökakın said: “Excessive production of thyroid hormones can cause various systemic effects on the body. These patients can generally move comfortably in hot weather, but have low heat tolerance. Feeling uncomfortable in hot weather or environment and excessive sweating are among the obvious symptoms of the disease. Graves’ disease can lead to a fast heart rate, high blood pressure, osteoporosis (decreased bone density), muscle weakness, and other metabolic changes due to hyperthyroidism. In addition, the disease can sometimes affect the eyes and cause a condition called Graves’ ophthalmopathy. This condition can cause symptoms such as eye swelling, redness, eyelid swelling, eye protrusion (exophthalmos) and double vision,” he said.

Stress can affect the course of the disease

Prof. Dr. said that there is no direct evidence that stress is a direct cause of the development of toxic goiter, but because stress affects the immune system and hormonal balance, it is believed that stress may intensify the symptoms of toxic goiter. in some cases. Dr. Ali Kağan Gökakın said: “Stress can affect the immune system and therefore in some cases it can affect the course of the disease. In addition to stress being an aggravating factor for toxic goiter symptoms, stress management methods and lifestyle factors can affect overall health. “Managing stress and adopting a healthy lifestyle can help manage toxic goiter.” he said.

It can lead to complications

Prof. that the methods used in the treatment of the disease aim to control the excessive activity of the thyroid gland. Dr. Gökakın said, “It should not be forgotten that this treatment can sometimes cause thyroid insufficiency (hypothyroidism) by over-suppressing the thyroid gland. This condition can cause low energy, weight gain, cold intolerance and other symptoms due to lack of thyroid hormones. A fast heartbeat and other symptoms of hyperthyroidism that occur as a result of the disease can have a negative effect on heart health. This condition can cause other cardiovascular complications such as heart rhythm disorders. Graves’ disease can be combined with other autoimmune diseases; “For example, this can be seen simultaneously with diseases such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis.” He made a statement.

“If medical treatment is insufficient, surgery can be considered.”

Emphasizing that treatment options may vary depending on the severity of the disease, the severity of symptoms, the patient’s lifestyle and other medical conditions, Prof. Dr. Ali Kağan Gökakın made the following statement in his statement about the treatment process of the disease:

“Methods such as anti-thyroid drugs and radioactive iodine treatment can be used to reduce overactive thyroid cells. However, if thyroid medication or radioactive iodine treatment is not effective, or if benign nodules or thyroid cancer are suspected, surgical removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) may be considered.

“Patients must receive lifelong hormone therapy after surgery.”

Surgery to treat Graves’ disease (toxic goiter) is called a thyroidectomy, a procedure that involves removing all or part of the thyroid gland. After the procedure, patients usually have to take thyroid hormone replacement therapy for life. Because complete removal of the thyroid gland causes hypothyroidism. If eye symptoms are present, special treatments and surgeries can be performed by eye doctors.

The choice of treatment depends on the overall health of the patient, his preferences and specific circumstances. Regular follow-up and monitoring during treatment is important as treatment plans may be modified over time. Effective treatment of Graves’ disease can improve the patient’s quality of life and minimize complications. In all cases, it is important to establish a treatment plan under the guidance of an endocrinologist (hormone specialist) or thyroid specialist.

“Regular monitoring is important”

Treatment and management of Graves’ disease should be aimed at minimizing these risks. Therefore, regular follow-up and treatment with a health care professional is important. If left untreated or not treated effectively, Graves’ disease can cause serious complications. That’s why it’s important to consult a doctor when you notice symptoms of the disease.”

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