Hybrid, plug-in hybrid or electric car: which to buy based on the use and advantages of each of them

Europe pushes for car-less cities reduction of urban pollutionair vehicle sales ban s internal combustion engines in 2035… “So you don’t know what to buy anymore,” is a common refrain when talking about cars with friends or family.

However, in Xataka We see it differently: “You could never buy so much variety”. Unlike years ago, when it was doubtful whether to buy a diesel or petrol car, we can now choose between these two types of fuel, while opting for hybrids (plug-in or not) and electric.

To clarify all terms, we will try to resolve all doubts to know which car is the most interesting for each type of driver.

At least the ECO label

If we have decided that we want to buy a car, suppose we are looking for an electrified car. Although it is the minimum for get the ECO label. My advice is to opt for this option, because at least for now the restrictions in urban areas are defined by eco-signs and DGT ECO sticker than C.

With that in mind, let’s see which option pays off more.

Mild hybrids, best for those who prefer combustion

If we are a driver who does not even want to hear about electricity in the car, but we are starting to see wolf ears, it is best to choose a mild hybrid. This type of car usually has a very small battery 48 volts (although there are 24 volt or even 12 volt options).

In this case, only the electric motor works almost a testimonywith some functions, such as a starter, guaranteeing coasting (turning off the internal combustion engine for a short time) or receiving very little extra power during acceleration.

In addition to preferences, this hybridization is especially interesting if we drive many kilometers on the road during the year. On fast roads, we have the advantage of reducing consumption a little while not carrying the weight of a large battery that we don’t use. These are usually gasoline engines, but mild hybridization combined with a diesel engine can also be found.

  • Because YEAH choose mild hybrid: because it is the cheapest way to access the ECO sticker. In addition, we save a few tenths of consumption on the highway and freeway.
  • Because NO choose a mild hybrid: because we save more in the city with a self-charging, plug-in hybrid or electric.
  • I would choose a mild hybrid if…: I liked internal combustion cars and wanted an ECO sticker or if most kilometers were driven on highways or two-lane roads.

Self-charging hybrids, ideal for the city

He self-charging hybridalso called an electric hybrid, is one that has a larger battery of one or two kWh and can travel several hundred meters (or several kilometers) in full electric mode.

This type of hybrid does not engagereuses the action of the internal combustion engine and the braking inertia k charge the battery and having electricity circulating with it at low speed offers extra power or reduces consumption on the road when driving under sail.

The great advantage of this type of car is that they eliminate or reduce the impact of the internal combustion engine operating in its most inefficient cycle, when we start from rest.

That’s why they are ideal in the city, It always starts driving in electric mode. The latest vehicles of this type are able to travel several kilometers at low speed without turning on the internal combustion engine.

  • Because YEAH choose a plug-in hybrid: because it’s the cheapest way to get around town with an internal combustion engine car. Its automatic transmission allows relaxation behind the wheel and driving comfort is more pleasant in urban environments and traffic jams.
  • Because NO Choose a self-charging hybrid: it is not the best option on highways and highways, because its advantages recede into the background, and in addition, we drag the weight of the batteries. Anyone who drives many kilometers on the road every day and does not experience traffic jams will not benefit from the benefits of their technology.
  • I would choose a self-charging hybrid if…: I use the car every day in the city or have to deal with heavy traffic jams. In addition, you would get the comfort of an automatic transmission and a smooth start with an electric motor.

Plug-in hybrid, the perfect choice for those looking for an electric car without limitations

A plug-in hybrid is the same as a plug-in hybrid, but its battery is much bigger (usually up to 10 kWh, but the latest models reach 20 kWh), so it can be recharged from a home socket or charging station.

Plug-in hybrids have a performance advantage cover tens of kilometers in full electric mode if charged in the battery. When this happens, he will always deal with a remnant that allows him to move as a self-charging hybrid.

In addition, since its battery is small, it can be charged much shorter periods of time than electric. A 10 kWh battery can be charged in just over an hour using a 7 kW charging station, but also in around three and a half hours if plugged into a household socket with a power of around 3 kW. With the addition that some supermarkets and big shops offer free charging using household sockets.

According to studies, most European drivers could make their daily journeys with kilometers accumulated in the batteries of the electric car. And this is especially interesting if you have a second home more or less nearby, because most of the kilometers will be in full electric mode.

It has the advantage that you can enjoy it advantages of the electric car in everyday life (more fluidity and no vibrations) with the added bonus of not having to plan long journeys. In addition, its drivers keep the card in order to use it low emission zones if your city bans it in the future circulate with an internal combustion engine some of its streets.

In addition, plug-in hybrids (provided they have more than 40 kilometers of all-electric range) will receive Zero emissions label DGT, which is of particular interest in large cities where benefits such as lane driving are offered for its use Bus-HOV or park for free on the street.

Finally, plug-in hybrids are also partially subsidized The MOVES III plan. Buyers can get help with the purchase of €2,500 5,000 euros if another vehicle breaks down. Furthermore, if the plug-in hybrid has more than 90 km of autonomy (so-called electric extended range) will be counted as an electric vehicle and the minimum support will be 5,000 euros and the maximum 7,000 euros.

  • Because YEAH choose a plug-in hybrid: because there is no cheaper way to drive a combustion engine in everyday life. You can enjoy the convenience of an electric car without restrictions when it comes to charging it.
  • Because NO choose a plug-in hybrid: because the annual kilometers do not compensate for the investment and the extra price of a plug-in hybrid compared to a plug-in hybrid. Because most of the kilometers are on highways and highways on long trips.
  • I would choose a plug-in hybrid if…: I drove a number of kilometers per day close to or slightly greater than the range of a purely electric car. If I valued the driving comfort of an electric car on a daily basis, but I didn’t want to complicate it when traveling. If you lived in a city where you would take advantage of the Zero Emissions designation (among other things, travel in the Bus-HOV lane, discounts or free parking in a regulated parking lot).

Electric car, optimal if we have access to a charging point

An electric car is easier and simpler than any of the previous options. It lacks internal combustion engines and instead has one or more electric motors that provide enough power to move the car and use the electrical energy stored in it. battery.

This energy accumulator will be the one that will ultimately divide the most recommended use of each vehicle according to its size.

  • Battery less than 50 kWh: electric cars recommended for urban use and places around. It is possible to travel, but ranges are usually limited to just over 200 kilometers on motorways and motorways.
  • Battery between 50 and 75 kWh: electric cars that operate without problems in urban environments and can go on long journeys, even if it requires some planning reach the farthest destinations.
  • battery more than 75 kWh: electric cars that can handle long journeys without any problems. On long trips, it is recommended to plan a route or at least study an alternative to the usual route in case of an unforeseen event, but these are cars that approach or exceed 400 kilometers of real autonomy on highways and highways and that support very fast charging.

The big advantage of an electric car is that if you have somewhere to plug it in, you can choose very favorable rates that allow us to get around daily at a ridiculous price. In addition, maintenance is virtually non-existent and inspections are usually used to verify that everything is working properly, as there are minimal parts to replace.

Therefore, as you can check with this calculatorthe more kilometers the driver drives cheaper the car drives off. And if the daily use is in the city, all the more so because it is in the urban environment that the electric car has the least consumption, because it also reuses part of the brakes like hybrids. This is all confirmed by the taxi drivers themselves with electric vehicles.

But electric cars are also much more comfortable. Without an internal combustion engine, there are no sounds or vibrations to disturb the driver. Acceleration is instantaneous, which provides increased safety when maximum car performance is required.

We cannot forget that the purchase of an electric car grants a Zero Emissions sticker (with the already mentioned advantages) and that the state subsidizes part of the so-called The MOVES III plan if its price is less than 45,000 euros before the application of VAT. In such a case, the driver receives 5,000 euros and up to 7,000 euros if another vehicle breaks down.

And we must add to this utility that the installation of home charging points as well subsidizedcovering 70% of the amount up to a maximum of 5,000 euros for individuals and 80% in cities with up to 5,000 inhabitants.

  • Because YEAH choose an electric car: because it is the cheapest car mobility on a daily basis if you have access to a home charging point. Because maintenance is practically non-existent and the greater the number of kilometers, the greater the savings. For smooth and comfortable driving and instant acceleration of the electric motor.
  • Because NO choose an electric car: because there is no charging point at home or in the garage. Because the number of annual kilometers does not compensate for the extra price of an electric car.
  • I would choose an electric car if…: it had an available charging point and I used the car every day, especially in the city. If you especially appreciated the smoothness and comfort of the ride, without noise and vibrations. Yes, I like to try new things and I like to have access to the latest technology.

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