Advantages of Robotic Knee and Hip Prosthesis –

The use of medical technology has increased in recent years in all surgical fields. A big advantage is the use of robot-assisted surgery, one of the most modern surgical technologies used in hip and knee replacement surgeries. Studies show that robotic hip and knee arthroplasty reduces the error rate of implant identification, alignment and placement to almost zero compared to traditional techniques. Surgery from the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology Memorial Antalya Hospital. Dr. Murat Balo─člu provided information on robotic knee and hip replacement surgeries.

Planning is done on a 3D model

Thanks to the technologies used in robotic orthopedic surgery and robotic prosthetic surgery, 3D modeling developed directly for the patient is created. The robot does not perform surgical procedures, but allows detailed planning with patient information in the system before surgery thanks to artificial intelligence. Given that the doctor who will perform the operation will draw up a special plan for the patient to whom the prosthesis will be applied before each case, the surgical application is much more accurate. Thanks to this system, it is possible to obtain the same result after each case.

Knee replacement: A total knee replacement includes the entire joint. However, if only part of the knee is damaged, only the damaged part of the knee joint can be replaced. This is called a partial knee replacement.

Total Hip Replacement: The hip is a ball-and-socket joint, and in a total hip replacement procedure, both parts of the joint are removed and replaced.

It is more often preferred in the knee

Robotic prosthesis surgery, which is popular recently, is more common in the knee, but is also applied in the hip. Several different types of robotic assistance are used in orthopedic surgery. Computed tomography (CT) is used before surgery. Patient information is also uploaded to the system. Based on patient images, AI plans exactly how much bone needs to be removed and is used to maximize the accuracy of implant alignment and placement. During surgery, the robotic arm ensures that this plan is followed precisely; This removes a sufficient amount of bone.

Prostheses for use in robotic prosthetic surgery are manufactured specifically for the patient. Patient images are uploaded to the system. Thanks to artificial intelligence, the system will tell which prosthesis and the size of the prosthesis the patient is suitable for. Accordingly, the prosthesis procedure is prepared and performed.

It doesn’t look artificial

One of the most difficult aspects of joint replacement surgery is placing the individual components of the artificial joint in the best possible alignment so that they fit together and function smoothly. The robotic arm provides tactile, visual and auditory feedback to help the surgeon achieve the desired orientation; this can increase stability and mobility. The robotic arm assists the surgeon and the margin of error in the operation is close to zero. Thanks to artificial intelligence, patients do not feel like they have an artificial knee or hip after prosthetic surgery, because the prosthesis selected for the patient is exactly compatible with the patient.

It is more preferred in young patients

A robotic knee and hip prosthesis can be used in all groups of patients who have been diagnosed with the need for a prosthesis. It is especially preferred in the group of young patients because it is important to use a flawless prosthesis as it will be used for a long time. Hospital stay is shortened with robotic prostheses. Since the surgical incision is much smaller with a robotic prosthesis, wounds heal faster and the patient goes into the rehabilitation process in a shorter time. One day after surgery, the patient gets up. After 3 weeks he can start walking without support. The patient can start the rehabilitation process even before the stitches are removed, i.e. from the second week.

The advantages of robotic prosthesis surgery are as follows;

  1. Healthy bones and soft tissues are completely preserved.
  2. It reduces the error rate caused by instruments, operations and prostheses to zero.
  3. A special prosthesis is offered for each patient.
  4. There is a more painless and faster recovery process.
  5. Returning to everyday life is faster and more comfortable.
  6. Better mobility and longer lifespan of the prosthesis is ensured.

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