10 myths and truths about electric cars

Electric cars do not emit carbon dioxide, smoke or particles produced during combustion (Matías Arbotto)

According to the UN, more than 60 billion tons of CO2 could be saved globally by 2050 if 60% of vehicles on the road became electric or hybrid: the former do not emit carbon dioxide, smoke or particles produced during combustion.

Despite the benefits of sustainability, some people are reluctant to change their internal combustion cars for electric models: some of the most common myths are that they have little autonomy, that their costs are high and that they require more maintenance.

Are they expensive? How much does it cost to charge them? Is there a risk of electric shock? In this note you will find answers to the 10 most frequently asked questions about electric mobility

If we compare two similar vehicles with the same equipment, the electric model tends to be more expensive because it uses the most modern technology: up to 40% of the car’s costs come exclusively from the traction battery.

According to Renault, which has three 100% electric vehicles (Kangoo, Kwid E-Tech and Megane E-Tech), the purchase price of an electric car can be higher than its thermal equivalent.

However, over the entire life cycle of the vehicle, the customer will pay back the additional investment made and may even make a profit due to low electricity consumption, low maintenance costs and tax benefits.

Electric cars have lower maintenance costs than their thermal counterparts because they have fewer components that require repair (Matías Arbotto)

Electric cars actually have lower maintenance costs than their thermal counterparts because they have fewer components that require repair, while neither the battery nor the electric motor require intervention.

In addition, electric energy is more economical than fuel for internal combustion vehicles.

On the other hand, there are certain “common” elements that require intervention in the electric model: cabin filter, 12V battery, coolants and brake fluid.

Electric energy is more economical than the fuel of internal combustion vehicles (Matías Arbotto)

Electrical energy is stored directly in lithium batteries located in the floor of the vehicle. This energy is transferred to an electric motor, which drives the wheels using the driver’s accelerator.

“When we accelerate, that’s where we use the most energy. So we are exhausting our autonomy. But when we take our foot off the gas, they say we engage in “regenerative braking” and that’s where we get the energy. So we also recharge the battery,” explains Mauricio Hojman, Renault Argentina brand manager.

In electric models, the transmission is automatic and has one gear (Matías Arbotto)

When it comes to charging them, there are three modes available: normal charging (for daily and home use) in a wallbox or wall charger, accelerated or semi-fast charging (takes up to three hours) and fast charging for long trips (30 minutes) in direct current . DC

There are no changes: there is no gearbox right here. The transmission is automatic and has one gear. It has no jerking, no loss of power or torque.

The autonomy of an electric car depends on the capacity of the traction battery (expressed in kWh) and consumption (Matías Arbotto)

This is one of the biggest concerns of the customer. The autonomy of the electric car depends on the capacity of the traction battery (expressed in kWh) and the consumption of the vehicle while driving.

There are certain variables that affect the actual energy consumption: speed, load (in kg), outside temperature, road types and driving style.

Electric cars produce zero pollution (Co2) during use and are greener in the long run than vehicles with internal combustion engines due to the total carbon dioxide produced by production, use, logistics and recycling.

Renault has protection systems that prohibit any possibility of electrocution (Matías Arbotto)

When accessing the engine compartment of an electric vehicle, Renault has protection systems that prevent any possibility of electrocution. If a problem is detected, the power supply from the traction battery is immediately interrupted.

An electric car can normally be used in case of rain, just like an internal combustion vehicle (Matías Arbotto)

An electric car can normally be used in the rain, just like an internal combustion vehicle. But in case of flooding, the water can only reach the upper part of the bottom edge of the tire at most.

With daily use up to 60 km per day, there is no need to charge in public areas. These are mainly used for medium or long distance journeys and nowadays there are more and more chargers on routes and motorways which are not a problem to travel with but you have to plan ahead.

The cost of charging a car is the battery capacity times the kWh price (Matías Arbotto)

This depends on a combination of factors: the model, the charging point, the household and the price of electricity. For the calculation, you need to know the price per kilowatt-hour, as well as the battery capacity and the consumption of the model being charged.

The price is the battery capacity times the price per kWh. For example, if you want to know the cost of fully charging a Megane E-Tech battery, knowing that the battery capacity is 60 kWh and the price per kWh is $30, the total cost is $1,800.

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